Shropshire Pond Plant Life
Whether you are looking for a fish pond or a wildlife pond, it would not be complete without water plants. They soften the edges of the pond and keep its ecological balance.
The number of plants depends on the size of the pond and its use. Wildlife ponds can be planted more heavily than fish ponds. Koi and Grass Carp can quickly anhialite your beautiful plants so choose your plants and fish carefully.
Generally you will need a mixture of floating plants, marginal planting, and submersible plants.
Water lillies are planted in the bottom of the pond in baskets filled with aquatic compost. The use of water lillies is particularly important if you have fish as keep sunlight off the water and reduce blanket weed and algae problems. They also provide much needed Summer shade for the fish themselves.
Other floaters include Water Hyacinths and Water Lettuce. These absorb nutrients through their trailing roots so they are very useful when trying to control algae bloom naturally. These plants multiple quickly so do not purchase more than a few at a time.
Marginals are planted in baskets on shelves around the edge of the pond and only need an inch or two of water on their roots to thrive.
Common marginals are Umbrella Palms, Cattails, and Thalia. In addition, one of the best ways of softening the edge of the pond is to use of rushes and grasses such as Bull Rush, Variegated Rush, Carex, Pickerel Rush and Star Grass.
These work particularly well if the pond is lined with rockery stone or is fed by a stream built from rockery stone. Grasses can grow up to 2 feet but are not always suitable in windy exposed sites.
Submersible Water Plants
Submersibles are underwater plants which oxygenate the water. These absorb nutrients that would normally be feeding your algae so are a useful addition to your pond, even if you have a UV lights.
They absorb CO2 and give off oxygen during the day but most people do not realise that at night they reverse the process absorbing oxygen and giving off CO2.
Adding water plants will mimic what happens naturally in lakes and pools and helps keep an ecological balance within a pool. This in turn will reduce the maintenance required on the pond which is always good new.
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